Chris’s SharePoint Reflections

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  • Chris Zhong

    IT consultant Australia








Archive for August, 2008

SharePoint development tools

Posted by chrissyz on August 18, 2008

Just a show-off of my SharePoint development tool set 馃檪

Must have:

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Visual Studio 2008 + Visual Studio 2008 Extensions version 1.2

Before we use Visual Studio 2005 + Extension for WSS3.0 is because the development of Custom Web Parts, Site and list definitions etc for SharePoint is not readily available in Visual Studio 2008. Since the new WSS extension for 2008 released in June 2008 and fully support various SharePoint custom development templates, I think we can call it a day for VS2005

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 SharePoint Designer 2007

Visual Studio is great to develop custom features in SharePoint. But have you ever tried to modify a SharePoint pages in Visual Studio? SPD is great when comes to the issue of branding. It gives you great preview and all the controls SharePoint controls in a menu ready to drag & drop and use. The DataView Web Part is another great feature of SPD. It takes a short time to get a DataView Web Part on your page and linked up to a data source. Creating custom views and filtering information from/around the site simple using this feature.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 IE Developer Toolbar

Inspect HTML source, style usage, IFRAME content, image location etc. Definitely play an important role when you have to start changing the CSS in SharePoint or need to address accessibility in your website

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Lutz Roeder鈥檚 Reflector for .NET

No need to explain. Most developers in .NET world know this tool.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 U2U CAML Query Builder

From U2U. A great tool for writing and firing CAML queries. It helps you decipher CAML and do queries against your lists to see if your CAML will work. You can also save your queries in XML format and launch from your application or web parts.

Optional:

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 WSPBuilder

A SharePoint Solution Package creation tool for WSS and MOSS.The manual process of packaging our solution is: we create your own manifest.xml and DDF file and use makecab.exe for nice granular control. With this tool, WSPBuilder will automatically traverse a “12” folder structure and creates a SharePoint solution manifest.xml and the wsp file based on the files it finds. It makes SP deploying and packaging very easily.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Fiddler HTTP Debugger

Inspected and manipulate HTTP traffic between your browser and the server, handy for debugging web services

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Power Shell

Write scripts to automate administration and configuration tasks. A small tip here, the next version of SharePoint STSADM will be based on Power Shell.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 BDC Metaman

Generate BDC XML from SQL data source. The commercial version also builds definitions for web services. An alternative is baked into the MOSS SDK, but BDC Metaman will continue to be the gold standard

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 SmartPart

Another great community tool by U2U. A SmartPart is a SharePoint web part that can host any ASP.NET control. You can create your own web parts using VS.NET designer instead of coding everything by hand.

Posted in General | 7 Comments »

Custom Site Definition

Posted by chrissyz on August 1, 2008

Try to answer some questions regarding聽custom site definition in my company. Thought maybe it is worth sharing here. 馃檪

1 鈥 Can we make changes in an already created site, by making some changes to the Site Definition, or will the change be applied only to sites which will be newly created thereon?

聽There is no easy way to modify site definitions once they are deployed. There is always the possibility of breaking existing deployed sites derived from the site definition once you modify an existing site definition. The best practice is always copy from one of the existing site definitions, rename it and modify it and then add to the site definitions. 聽The most popular one to start with is STS (C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\TEMPLATE\SiteTemplates\). I 聽start with BLANKINTERNET, a bit tricky, don鈥檛 recommend. Alternatively, you can start from scratch (not recommended either).

2 鈥 What are the basic advantages of creating a Site Definition?

Well there are pros and cons regarding the custom site def and I think you should know both sides

Pros:

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 The biggest one will be the performance as the pages are cached on the file system instead of in the database. You might want to go over the ghosted /unghosted concept if you are not familiar with it.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Higher level of customization by directly editing all the schema files and not depending on the existing site definition as a site template does.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Activate the features (especially site columns and page layout) during the site creation

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Upgrade independent. Subsequent upgrades to SharePoint Products and Technologies may overwrite existing default site definitions. Using custom site definitions excludes your sites from potential upgrade issues.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Certain kinds of customization to sites or lists require use of site definitions, such as introducing new file types, defining view styles, or modifying the Edit menu.

Cons:

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Relative complex process, require access to the file system of the front-end Web Server (need to get an admin involved for deployment)

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 User cannot apply a SharePoint theme through a site definition

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Editing a site definition after deployment is difficult

3 鈥 How maintainable and flexible a site definition is from the perspective of making any changes to it, if required in future.

A聽combination of site definition and features is the best approach although MOSS versioning is still a pain.

4 鈥 How can we make changes to the site definition? Feature Stapling is one option I have heard of.

Yes, when you want to activate a feature on a site definition that is already in production, or to add it to a OOTB site definition, you need to use feature stapling. 聽It is bad practice (and not supported) to change the site definition after it is being used in production. 聽Therefore, the feature stapling is a good option to go.

5 鈥 Do we have any document on best practices that we can follow while creating a Site Definition?

There is a good article on MSDN regarding working with Site Templates and Site Definition. Worth to have a look.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms434313.aspx

Posted in Site Definition | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »